PETROLEUM LAB EXERCISE

Assignment Sheet (MS Word)

Assignment Sheet (PDF)

        O. Click Here and rank the top ten oil producing countries along with the actual number of barrels they produced each day in 2018. These countries are currently in alphabetical order and you will need to rank them with the largest value as #1. You will also need to add three zeros to each value shown in the table.

        P. Click Here and rank the top ten oil consuming countries along with the actual number of barrels they consumed each day in 2018. These countries are currently in alphabetical order and you will need to rank them with the largest value as #1. You will also need to add three zeros to each value shown in the table.

        Q. The global consumption of oil in 2018 was 100,050,000 barrels per day. What percentage of this daily total did the U.S. consume in 2018? (U.S. consumption divided by global consumption - multiply your answer by 100 to get a percentage).

        R1. How many barrels of oil did the U.S. need to import each day in 2018? To get this answer, take the U.S. value from section P above and subtract it from the U.S value from section O above.

        R2. Click Here How many barrels did the U.S. produce per day in 2006? Add three zeros.

        R3. Click Here How many barrels did the U.S. consume each day in 2006? Add three zeros.

        R4. Based on your answers for R2 and R3, how many barrels per day did the U.S. need to import in 2006?

        S. The current population of the United States is 332,000,000. The population of China is 1,400,000,000 and the population of India is about 1,370,000,000. If the people of China and India used as much oil as we do in the U.S., how many barrels of oil would they consume each day? Start by calculating how many barrels of oil each person in the U.S. uses each day (see below).

        S1. Number of barrels consumed each day in the U.S. (from Section P above) divided by 332,000,000.

        S2. Multiply your answer from S1 by the population of China.

        S3. Multiply your answer from S1 by the population of India.

        S4. Multiply your answer from S1 by the combined population of China and India (2,770,000,000).

        S5. Does the world currently produce enough oil to satisfy such a scenario?

        S6. How much extra petroleum would be needed each day?

        T. Click Here The top ten countries with proved reserves have 1.41 trillion barrels in the ground. How many days would it take for the current population of China and India to use that up at the rate at which the United States consumed oil in 2018? Here's how to calculate this:

        T1. Take the proved reserves of the top ten countries (1.41 trillion or 1,410,000,000,000) and divide this number by your answer for S4 above. Round this number to whole days.

        T2. How many years is this? (divide by 365.25) = _______ years.

        U. If the United States decided to use only U.S. oil and we were able to produce enough each day to do so, how quickly would we use up our proved reserves (35,000,000,000 barrels in the ground)? Divide 35,000,000,000 by the number of barrels consumed in the U.S. each day in 2018 = _______ days (this will be your answer for U1). Divide this number by 365.25 to get the number of years (this will be your answer for U2).

        The truth is that many people in India and China (and Indonesia and Brazil and Mexico and Pakistan, etc.) want to live with the same luxuries and the same quality of life that the people of the United States have. That takes energy resources and we simply don't have enough oil or coal to make that a reality. This has nothing to do with climate change or pollution or lung disease. We simply need to plan ahead better and get away from oil and coal as much as possible while still maintaining jobs and the quality of life.

        There's a possible essay question about this on the Study Guide-- you need to be prepared to answer it. Be sure that you understand the basic idea that this Lab Exercise is trying to convey (for both coal and oil).

        THE END