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Niagara Falls is at the center of the industrial core of North America. Niagara Falls is located on the Niagara River which flows out of Lake Erie and into Lake Ontario. It is one of the most polluted rivers in North America. Yet, due to the fact that Lake Erie is 245 feet above Lake Ontario, it is a tremendous source of cheap energy. This energy is supplied to homes and factories all around eastern North America (from the Niagara Falls hydro-electric power plant).

The industrial core of North America represents the majority of all manufacturing in this region. The industrial core includes a portion of both Canada and the U.S. A rough outline of this core area can be drawn as a rectangle with each of the following four cities on a corner of the rectangle:

Boston and Milwaukee

Washington, D.C. and St. Louis

...and everything in between.

This rectangle (or trapezoid) includes industrial cities such as Detroit, Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Chicago, Toronto, Baltimore, New York City, Newark, Windsor, Gary, Montreal, Philadelphia, Port Huron, Sarnia and the list goes on and on. Any one of these cities produces enough manufactured goods to support a small country.

Another common name for the industrial core of North America is the "rust belt" due to the amount of steel manufacturing in the area.

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